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tv   France 24  LINKTV  April 3, 2015 5:30am-6:01am PDT

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habaab militant group carries out its worst attack ever on canyon -- kenyan soil. survivors say the shooters had scouted the area before hand. a positive step forward for a dangerous gamble? the world reacts to the framework agreement over iran's nuclear program. the germanwings copilot accelerated into the dissent according to data from the flight's second black box another indication he crashed into the french alps on purpose.
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also coming up, world powers hail a framework agreement with iran. oil prices have taken a hit. kate looks at the impact on the broader oil industry coming up next in business. we begin with a hard-fought agreement in switzerland. after negotiations, iran and western powers have reached a framework deal over to ron -- tehran's atomic future. here is what the outline looks like. reduce by 2/3 the number of centrifuges used to enrich uranium. allow inspections anywhere in
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iran by the iaea. stop using in iraq for plutonium production and sanctions relief in return for verifiable compliance. we need to make sure to ron -- tehran is agreeing with the framework and this is being hailed as a breakthrough, but nothing is official yet negotiators have until the end of june to reach a comprehensive deal. one thing is certain. not everyone hails this is a breakthrough. israeli premier says any deal with iran threatens israel's future. he joins us from jerusalem. i understand the prime minister is in a cabinet meeting discussing yesterday's events. correspondent: yes, he is. he was raised by the u.s. president last night and is in turn briefing the cabinet. they are to decide the strategy for the next three months until the end of june when the agreement will be signed.
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there is no doubt the feeling is this is not a good move. that is the point of the israeli prime minister who has made it his calling card for the past few years but certainly for the lead up to the talks. his view is this is dangerous for israel, the entire region, and the world because of the kind of unstable player imran -- iran is. it is not clear what the strategy will be. there have been voices inside israel over the last 24 hours arguing now is the time to rethink. if you want to have people listen to you, you have to be inside the tent slightly, not only outside warning of danger. that is part of what is being considered within the cabinet at the moment. anchor: what does this mean in terms of the relationship between israel and washington? many thought a framework agreement would not be achieved. the fact obama called netanyahu
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not before the announcement that afterwards, what does this say about the relationship and how israel will need to play thanks? correspondent: that is significant. the israeli media is making much of that. the fact that israel was not in the loop and did not have a lot of information before the announcement, that the call came after from the u.s. president. that is all seen as significant. many argue that the cheerier ration in the relationship between washington and jerusalem or at the least between these two leaders, barack obama and benjamin netanyahu is at least as dangerous for israel as anything emerging from tehran. i think that is being considered at the moment. anchor: thank you for that reporting out of jerusalem reactions to the framework agreement out of switzerland. i'm joined in the studio by
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douglas herbert. we are seeing israel against any possible deal with iran. it is not just the israelis against it. we have many in the united states also saying no deal. douglas: that minor detail, the republicans control both houses of congress, the ones who invited benjamin netanyahu to speak to them. congress is on recess. they will be back april 14. when they come back, the senate foreign relations committee will have a bill ready for them. it will authorize a review of any deal that could emerge, the final deal for the iran nuclear program. basically, this is in line with what the congress has been saying all along. they want to have the power to have a say on any agreement ultimately reached. the fear is iranian hardliners will look at this vote.
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let's say they authorize congress will have the final say. the iranians will say what does it matter what the united states president and his secretary of state negotiate? their word is worth nothing because congress can override at any time. for the hardliners, it is a way of saying the president's word is not the final say in the u.s. today. it would be congress. obama has been making the rounds, calling congressional leaders trying to discuss how they can have a constructive oversight role. he does not want them to be able to 20 -- torpedo the deal with an up or down vote. he is asking them not to rush to judgment. some are sticking to their guns and judging the deal before they have looked at it. they have their script written a bad deal because it is a deal of any kind. he is saying at least look at it. if you just torpedo it, the failure, if congress kills it,
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u.s. diplomacy will be seen as having failed and we will be blamed. anchor: let's play a bit of speculation. let's say a deal does go through. the end of june, it is an historic deal from all sides. this is not the end of hostilities between the united states and iran. this is specifically focusing on nuclear activity and sanctions. douglas: the iranian negotiators have been clear about this. there is no illusion this is anything but a nuclear deal. there have been technical things discussed around that table between the u.s. experts, the energy secretary was there from the united states, the head of the iranian nuclear program. they were talking about the specifics of a nuclear deal, the technical specifications. the u.s. and iran have had cold relations to say the least no
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relations really for the past 36 years. they have barely spoken to each other, save for these talks in the past few months, for the past two years. there have been no real diplomatic channels aside from this. it has been the only game in town. if there are sanctions lifted as a result of this deal, in stages as the u.s. insists if it is complied with you will still have sanctions for human rights record. those will remain in place. you are still going to have sanctions for missile development programs in iran. you are still going to have a range of financial penalties on the islamic republic regardless of how the steel shapes up. this is one prong in a daughter relationship. for obama, this is hopefully legacy-making stuff. this will be the thin edge of the wedge in perhaps opening up and thawing out what has been a frosty relationship over the past three decades. anchor: thank you for that
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analysis douglas. can you -- kenya is still reeling from yesterday's deadly assault on a college campus big 140 people were killed when nelson bob gunman -- when al-shabaab gunmen ravaged through killing students on the spot. survivors say the gunmen appeared to have scouted the campus beforehand, saying one of the first targets was a lecture hall where christians were in early morning prayer. charlotte harkins reports. charlotte: ambulance rushed to the college, the scene of one of the deadliest militant attacks on kenyan soil. at dawn on thursday, house above fighters killed two guards at the entrance -- al-shabaab fighters killed two guards at the entrance before opening fire on christian students. >> we were awoken by the sound
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of gunfire. everyone ran for their lives. some people were still asleep. there was so much confusion. no one knew exactly what was going on. women are screaming and people were running for their lives. charlotte: students who managed to escape with taken to nearby hospitals. >> we were about to finish praying when people came in through the front door and started shooting. one gunmen was firing from the doorway. i was hit by a bullet in the leg. i jumped out the window and ran to the gate. charlotte: soldiers and police surrounded the campus where shots rang out through the day. it was not until the evening that authorities announced the end of the assault and the scale of the massacre. >> this is a very sad day for kenya. as i speak to you, we lost 147 lives.
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charlotte: it was the biggest attack by al-shabaab the country has seen since 2013 when the extremist group attacked westgate shopping mall leaving 67 dead. anchor: to the latest in the germanwings crash. french aviation authorities are going through evidence from second black locks. investigators say according to the data, andre lubitz put the airplane on autopilot and increased speed into the mountains. these are indications the crash was a deliberate act. oliver farry reports. oliver: searchers found the second black box on thursday the flight data recorder registered the technical and mechanical maneuvers. authorities said 150 d.n.a. profiles have been established from the remains but that none
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of the victims have yet been identified. earlier in the day, the german prosecutor told reporters clues have been recovered from andreas lubitz's electronic tablet from his home in düsseldorf. >> according to the results, the user inform himself about medical treatments as well as different kinds of waste commit suicide -- ways to commit suicide. on at least one day, he searched for several minutes about [indiscernible] oliver: this suggests he may have planned the crash in advance. evidence from the cockpit voice recorder has already led investigators to treat the crash as an involuntary homicide. anchor: it is 12 minutes past the hour. let's get a check of the headlines. the al-shabaab militant group carries out its worst attack ever on kenyan soil.
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147 people are dead after they raided a college campus. a positive step forward or a dangerous gamble? the world reacts to a framework agreement over iran's nuclear program. the germanwings copilot accelerated into the dissent according to data from the flight's second black box another indication he crashed into the french alps on purpose. it is time for a look at the day's business news. i'm joined by kate moody in the studio. we have seen reaction to the agreement concerning iran's nuclear future. if and when sanctions are lifted, will it opened up a new source of oil? kate: they could because lifting the sanctions was a key driver for tehran because will revenue is so important to its broader economy.
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adding to an oversupply market may not give him on the immediate list it is hoping for. global oil prices have plummeted by more than 50% since last summer. prices fell further on the news a deal had been reached with crude dipping 4%. a more permanent impact will not be felt for some time. reporter: iran could once again become a major player in the oil industry with 10% of the crude oil reserves iran is the fourth biggest producer behind venezuela, saudi arabia, and canada with experts going mainly to china, south korea, and turkey. resuming production could prove automatic. oil prices are slumping because of overproduction. 2 million barrels of reserve oil language each day on the market. if iran manages to restore
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production to pre-sanction levels, that would surprises even lower. iran's oil minister has said a sanctions end iran would double exports within two months. but most analysts expected to take longer to return to full capacity. the u.s. and allies say they need to be convinced tehran would respect its commitments before gradually lifting sanctions. verification could take time. also, a return to production is not easy. iranian oilfields require refurbishment after years of neglect. any return to production would likely be a boost to the iranian economy. low oil prices will make it difficult to turn a profit. one bank estimates iran needs to earn about $130 per barrel to balance its budget. that is more than double the current price. anchor: let's take a glance at the markets. there is no trading in europe because of the easter holiday. the european markets will reopen tuesday. we saw a choppy session in asia
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in being in the green. investors have been focused on the key jobs report released later in the day that could be an indicator of when the federal reserve will raise interest rates. strong job growth could leave the central bank to take action sooner rather than later. turning to other headlines nissan will launch a car with self-driving technology in japan next year. the chief executive said the new features would be tested and unveiled step-by-step. he is also hoping to overtake general motors and seal its place as one of the top three automakers in the world. chrysler has been ordered to pay nearly $150 million to the family of a four-year-old boy killed when their jeep exploded into flames in 2012. the jury found chrysler acted with disregard for human life and failed to warn consumers about safety problems with the 1999 model s.u.v.
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in 2013, chrysler recalled 2.7 million jeeps over concerns about the fuel tanks. walmart is looking for new ways to boost profits. it is encouraging suppliers to cut back on advertising spending in its stores so it can offer lower prices. the world's largest retailer is trying to reclaim its position as the low-price leader amidst stiff competition and sluggish sales. finally, as easter weekend approaches chocolate is on the top of many peoples shopping lists. the average french consumer is estimated to spend 20 euros each for sweet treats. who eats the most chocolate in europe? according to the confectionery giant, it is the germans. the average german consumes over 12 kilos per person per year followed closely by the swiss.
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in the u.k., the average is just over 8.5 kilos. in france, it is a bit under seven. poland is the least chocolate loving country in europe consuming less than three kilos per person per year. they must have other sweet treats on their minds. anchor: in paris, you cannot the state chocolate in all the stores. chocolate --kate: in france there is more chocolate eaten at christmas time. anchor: thank you. it is time for the press review. i'm joined by florence for a look at the top stories. we are going to talk about the historic agreement on a framework of switzerland concerning iran's nuclear program. first, we are going to have reaction on the terrible assault
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in kenya where 147 people were killed on the college campus. most of them students. florence: it is getting a lot of attention in the press in kenya. i pulled out an article on the tragic events. al-shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack. lots of papers are saying it is the worst attack on kenyan soil since the u.s. embassy was bombed in 1998. "the daily nation" is coming back on the toll that could increase. at least 147 killed. they are calling it a cold-blooded rate. it is a huge story across the world. lots of papers are focusing on details coming out from the attack yesterday. the british paper is talking about carnage on the campus. the details emerging from the survivors of the attack are horrendous. this article focuses on one detail that has gotten a lot of attention. that is the masked militants
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separated christian students from muslim students and then shot the christian students without mercy. "the guardian" as well focusing on witness accounts from the incident. you can see the title here. nobody was screaming, we feared that would have led to guhe gunmen towards us. there has been criticism there was not enough security at the college. it is located in a region known for lack of security. mainly what we are seeing in the press today in the wake of yesterday's attack is a call for national unity. you can see the editorial saying we must all unite to keep our country safe, this is a time to come together in 19 against a common enemy that plots -- together against a common enemy that plots to divide us. it says we are one unbroken family called kenya.
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anchor: let's turn our attention to the rate through in nuclear negotiations. florence: the top story all over the press. let's look at one front page, the lebanese paper. it is coming back on the marathon diplomatic talks. you can see they are talking about how diplomats managed to snatch this historic compromise. anchor: it is getting mixed reactions. florence: let's start with the hopeful reactions. "the guardian" is reporting how people in iran are reacting, is likely according to this -- euphoric we -- euphorically according to this article. they hope it will end economic hardships. we have seen republicans express unease over the deal. this is the editorial in the "new york times." it is hopeful.
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it is talking about a promising nuclear deal. the preliminary agreement is a significant achievement according to the "new york times." it makes it likely iran will never be a nuclear threat. anchor: what are we seeing out of the gulf states? florence: saudi arabia has expressed disagreement, as has israel. israel has not been wanting the deal to go through. this is an article in the "jerusalem post" reports the prime minister telephoned president obama to tell him this deal could put israel's future at risk. this article goes on to report about israeli dissonance -- diplomats who have slammed the agreement saying it will not lead to nuclear capability for peaceful purposes in iran, but rather for war. i also pulled out an interesting article. the report all these reactions are premature. the headline says "don't pop the champagne yet."
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the agreement is being held as better than many expected, but something close to divine intervention will be required to wrap it up by the deadline at the end of june. anchor: it is not the end of negotiating. we are going to end with a story that has gotten a lot of attention in france. yesterday, the head of the national front, the far right party here, she reiterated -- rather, her father reiterated his assertion that nazi gas chambers were a detailed of world war ii. florence: this is a statement he has said repeatedly over the past 30 years statement he is infamous for. this is the founder of the far right national front party, the father of the current leader. it can get confusing because the names are similar. you can see a photo of her here with her father in the background. she was upset by the comment her
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father made on t.v. yesterday and blasted her father's irresponsible tendency to be provocative. there is an open split between the father and daughter. there's a great cartoon that the fix -- depicts her as an angry teenager. she says "shut up, dad." and he calls her a fascist. the editorial takes a closer look at what is going on. since she took over the party from her father, she has been trying to modernize the national front, move away from the image her father left the party. the editorial says the comments her father made yesterday are proof despite the fresh coat of paint she put on the national front, the national front is still very much the national front. it is still very much the party her father created. anchor: they are eyeing the
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treaty 17 elections in france. we will see about that. you can voice check out our website. unless you can always check out our website. for christians around the world today is good friday and represents today jesus christ was crucified. devout followers in the philippines are marking the date by some being nailed to crosses and whipping their backs. they were tied to the crosses. extreme and painful acts of devotion. they have been an attraction for thousands of spectators. the annual ritual takes place outside of manila. 80% of the philippines population are catholic.
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